Indonesia’s war on JI

As investigations begin into who was behind Friday’s twin hotel bombings in Jakarta, many analysts are focusing attention on the Jemaah Islamiyah group (JI), blamed for carrying out a string of attacks across Indonesia against local and Western targets.

The following is a look at recent developments in Indonesia’s conflict with JI.

1999-2001: Bloody clashes between Muslims and Christians in eastern Indonesia kill 9,000 people and reportedly draw in al-Qaeda-linked fighters from the Middle East and Europe. Many Indonesian fighters go on to become members of JI.

October 2002: Simultaneous bomb attacks on Bali nightclubs leave 202 dead, mostly foreign tourists, including 88 Australians. Indonesian police say al-Qaeda helped fund the attacks, which was coordinated and carried out by JI.

October 2002: Indonesian police arrest Abu Bakar Bashir, a Muslim cleric and the alleged spiritual leader of JI. He is jailed for immigration violations, although the sentence is later reduced and he is released in 2005.

August 2003: Bomb outside the JW Marriott Hotel in Jakarta kills 11. Police say the attack was carried out by a JI suicide car bomber.

September-October 2003: Imam Samudra, convicted of masterminding the Bali bombings, and his accomplice Ali Ghufron, a fellow Afghan-trained fighter who bragged of his friendship with Osama bin Laden, are sentenced to death. 
September 2004: Eleven people are killed and 200 wounded when a suicide truck bomber detonates a ton of explosives packed into a delivery van outside the Australian Embassy in Jakarta. Police say JI carried out the attack.
October 2005: Twenty people, mostly tourists, die in triple suicide attacks on beach restaurants on the island of Bali.

November 2005: JI bomb builder Azahari bin Husin is shot dead during a police raid on an alleged JI safehouse on Java island. The raid leads to arrests of several other JI suspects. Malaysian-born Noordin Top, alleged to be JI’s top bomb expert, appears on video soon after, threatening more attacks. 

June 2007: Indonesian police arrest Abu Dujana, alleged to be a top JI commander, along with seven other suspected JI leaders in raids on Java. 

November 8, 2008: After a series of appeals and stays of execution, Indonesia executes three men convicted of carrying out the 2002 Bali bombings.



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